Purity of the Pure

pure-heart-water

Assalamu’alaikum B)

 

Recently I watched a lecture called “Purity of the Pure” by Ustadh Abu Mussab, which is about tazkiyah. Tazkiyah basically deals with the purification of the soul- all sufism aside- according to the Qur’an and Sunnah. Here’s the summary…in case you’ve got no time to watch the whole thing (though i recommend that you do anyway :D). If I’m not wrong, all the following information is adapted from the works of Ibn Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him).

 

Tazkiyah generally means purification (tat’heer) and increasing (ziyaadah), in this case increasing in purity. But a more detailed meaning is as follows:

Tazkiyah = Takhliyah + Tahliyah

Takhliyah = abandonment of spiritual diseases

Tahliyah = the acquiring of good character

 

How to purify oneself:

1. Avoid: showing off, miserliness, self-admiration and feeling secure from Allah’s Plot

2. Acquire sincerity and the fear of Allah. Ensure that our deeds are for His sake only.

3. Observe the obligations (Al-fareedhah) – the 5 pillars of Islam

THE 5 PILLARS

4. Increase in the voluntary acts of worship we do. There are many types of voluntary acts of worship (nawaafil), and we may choose whatever we wanna do as long as it’s in line with the Qur’an and the Sunnah.

5. Reflect on the Qur’an. How many of us realised that in Surah Ash-Shams Allah swore 11 times before He said “He has succeeded who purifies it (the soul)” in order to show how important purification of the soul is? (check your mushaf!)

6. Repent. Make taubah on a constant basis. Even the muttaq (one who is conscious of Allah) can fall into faahishah (abhorrent sins like zina), but the muttaq is the one who repents sincerely.

3_135

 

And those who, when they commit an immorality or wrong themselves [by transgression], remember Allah and seek forgiveness for their sins – and who can forgive sins except Allah ? – and [who] do not persist in what they have done while they know.

Surah Al-‘Imran Ayah 135

Conditions of Taubah (minimum 6)

i. Feeling regretful

ii. Repenting for the sake of Allah

iii. Abandoning that sin

iv. Having the intention to never go back to it again

v. Taubah must be done before the soul reaches the collar bone or before the sun rises from where it sets

vi. If the sin involved taking people’s rights, we have to return them their rights

7. Seeking forgiveness aka istighfaar (this is NOT synonymous with taubah). Istighfaar eventually leads to taubah. Allah says whoever turns away from the dhikr (remembrance) of Allah, He shall assign him a shaitan who will be like his qareen (like a close buddy)

43_36

And whoever is blinded from remembrance of the Most Merciful – We appoint for him a devil, and he is to him a companion.

Surah Az-Zukhruf Ayah 36

8. Remembering deathWhen we see someone die we should think “that’s gonna be me one day”. Preparation for death will then take place, and we must ensure every day that we’re ready to die. At least the salah…we should ensure it’s done right.

9. Assume the worst about yourself. In surah Al-Mu’minun, Allah says the true believers are in the state of awe in fear of Allah, and are scared that their deeds won’t be accepted.

23_60

And they who give what they give while their hearts are fearful because they will be returning to their Lord –

Surah Al-Mu’minun Ayah 60

10. Self-Accountability. 

evaluation

Allah says in the Qur’an…

59_18

O you who have believed, fear Allah . And let every soul look to what it has put forth for tomorrow – and fear Allah . Indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do.

Surah Al-Hashr Ayah 18

We have to do self-evalutaion.

Umar (radiyallahu anhu) said: “Hold yourself accountable before you are held accountable.”

A wise man said: It is a right incumbent on every intelligent person not to be heedless about 4 hours (as in 4 things we should do every day)

i. A time should be dedicated where you call on Allah (‘ibadah)

ii. Another time should be dedicated to hold yourself accountable (especially whether or not we have wronged anyone).

iii. Another time should be dedicated to spend with friends that show your faults, mistakes, etc. These are actually your genuine friends.

iv. Finally a time should be dedicated where you allow yourself to enjoy yourself (as long as it’s halaal) and what you do in this time is what will aid you in carrying out the other 3 points mentioned above.

Don’t worry, there’s a time for ‘ibadah and there’s a time for other things…

It was narrated that Hanzalah al-Usaydi said: Abu Bakr met me and said: How are you, O Hanzalah? I said: Hanzalah has become a hypocrite. He said: Subhan Allah! What are you saying? I said: When we are with the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) he reminds us of the Fire and the Garden until it is as if we are seeing them with our own eyes, but when we depart from the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), we attend to our wives and children and businesses, and we forget a great deal. Abu Bakr said: By Allah, we experience something similar. Abu Bakr and I went and entered upon the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and I said: Hanzalah has become a hypocrite, O Messenger of Allah. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Why is that?” I said: O Messenger of Allah, when we are with you, you remind us of the Fire and the Garden until it is as if we are seeing them with our own eyes, but when we depart from you, we attend to our wives and children and businesses, and we forget a great deal. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, if you continued as you are when you are with me, and continued to remember (Paradise and Hell), the angels would shake hands with you in your homes and on the streets. But, O Hanzalah, there is a time for this and a time for that,” (he said it) three times.

Narrated by Muslim (2750). 

11. Reduce sleep, eating ad talking. Don’t eliminate them, reduce them because we tend to over-indulge ourselves in these things.

12. Patience. This is needed to accomplish all the above.

13. Dua. 

Zaid bin Arqam (radiyallahu anhu) reported:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) would supplicate: 
‏اللهم إني أعوذ بك من العجز والكسل، والبخل والهرم، وعذاب القبر، اللهم آت نفسي تقواها، وزكها أنت خير من زكاها، أنت وليها ومولاها، اللهم إني أعوذ بك من علم لا ينفع ومن قلب لا يخشع، ومن نفس لا تشبع، ومن دعوة لا يستجاب لها‏”
“O Allah! I seek refuge in You from the inability (to do good), indolence, cowardice, miserliness, decrepitude and torment of the grave. O Allah! Grant me the sense of piety and purify my soul as You are the Best to purify it. You are its Guardian and its Protecting Friend. O Allah! I seek refuge in You from the knowledge which is not beneficial, and from a heart which does not fear (You), and from desire which is not satisfied, and from prayer which is not answered.”
Sahih Muslim Book 17, Hadith 1479
Watch the lecture if you can inshaa’Allah 🙂 Or download the audio from here, under the lectures for Muslims #58.

 

-A.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s